Our thanks to all of you who have contributed! (and please keep them coming!)
We posted a katah (ashma, Armenian croissant) recipe provided by cookbook author, Dorothy Arakelian, while the Kaye family went on an all-out hunt for his grandmother's recipe. While Leon agreed that Dorothy's recipe was close, he was still determined to locate his family's version.
GREAT NEWS! One of Leon's relatives found, and sent him Grandmother Ovsanna's recipe. As promised, Leon sent it, and the story behind it, to us to share with you.
Our thanks to the entire Kaye family and Dorothy and their enthusiastic efforts!
Here is Leon's story followed by his grandmother's katah recipe:
"Bread From the Past"
by Leon Kaye
"My grandmother grew up in the Sepastia region of Turkey, outside the city of Sivas. In 1915, at the age of 10, her family was forced out of their home, forced to march through the deserts of Anatolia and Syria until she finally ended up at an orphanage in Beirut. She, her sister, and two brothers were the only ones in their family who survived.
Her long journey took her from Beirut to Cuba, New York, Detroit, and finally, Fresno. In 1946, she and my grandfather opened a grocery store in Calwa, south of Fresno, which they ran for 20 years while raising my father and aunt.
Despite managing and working at the grocery store 7 days a week, she somehow always found the time to cook and bake.
One of my memories was her katah, a slightly sweet roll: crispy and browned on top, with fluffy yet at the same time, dense layers which are revealed underneath. After a weekend in Fresno, our Dodge van would be loaded with bags of food. It’s a wonder that van made its way through Pacheco Pass back to Silicon Valley, where my father eventually settled. All of that loot was delicious: the lahmejoun, kufteh, and even her chocolate chip cookies were phenomenal and dripping with love: but what we all raved about the most, I think, was the katah, which I often took for my lunch as a kid. They were perfect in the morning, with grandma’s homemade jam!
High blood pressure took a toll on her as she reached her late seventies, and she eventually stopped cooking. She passed away in 1990. No one learned how to make the katah, but through the years it would come up in conversations during which we reminisced about her.
Twenty years later, I have decided to stop reminiscing and now I plan on baking. After this Easter in Fresno, my aunt decided to do some investigating and racked her memory. It turned out that a cousin of another aunt spent the day with my grandmother on day in 1965, and she mailed her notes to my aunt. Now I’m sharing it with you. I plan on trying it soon as a labor of love. Of course nothing has been the same as what your grandmother made, but everything she had cooked in some form can be found elsewhere—but not her katah—nothing I have seen or tried compares.
What I love about this recipe is that is summed up the times during which she lived. There are no “organic” or “macrobiotic” ingredients in this recipe. It doesn’t matter: this beats any artisan bread you can find out there. The only challenge is that she used yeast cake, which is a challenge and I’m trying to find a substitute. If you know whether I could use regular dry yeast, please let me know."
**Robyn's note: one compressed yeast cake is equivalent to 1 package of dry active dry yeast, or one tablespoon (15ml) of active dry yeast.
Ovsanna Kaye’s Katah Recipe
2 sticks butter
1 sticks margarine (total= 1 ½ cups; reserve ¼ cup)
1 quart milk + (another 1 pint, approximately)
1 yeast cake ** (see Robyn's note above)
3 tablespoons sugar
4 lbs. flour
- Mix 4 lbs. of flour and 3 tablespoons of sugar in a large mixing bowl.
- Warm milk* in a pan, add the yeast.
- *Robyn's note: Milk should reach a temperature of about 105 - 110 degrees F.
- Melt 2 sticks of butter and 1 stick of margarine in a second pan. Reserve ¼ cup of butter, margarine for later.
- Combine flour-sugar mixture with 1 ¼ cups of butter and margarine and milk and yeast.
- Mix until pliable. Knead about 10 minutes (you want to feel a popping in the dough).
- Add just a bit of the reserve butter/margarine mixture to the pliable dough. Then divide the dough into 10 separate rounds. Cover them with waxed paper.
- Remove 1 round of dough. With a long narrow stick, roll out the dough using enough flour to prevent sticking to the rolling pin. You should have an 18 inch diameter circle. Add a bit more reserve butter/margarine to the surface of the circle.
- Place another round of dough on top and continue to roll the two layers together until it is as large as a kitchen table. Spread a bit more reserve butter/margarine on the now very large circle of dough.
- Fold one side of the circle in and then fold the opposite side over. You will have a rectangular shape and 3 layers.
- Spread a bit more butter/margarine reserve over the surface of the rectangle.
- Roll, like a jelly roll this time, from the longest side and shape the coiled dough into a horse-shoe shape. Place on a piece of waxed paper and cover with waxed paper.
- When you have formed 2 horse-shoe shaped dough strips (by repeating the previous instructions) using a rolling pin, roll out the length and flatten each one.
- Make a cut every 1 ½ inches along each strip. You’ll have 17 or 18 cuts along each strip.
- Keep in a warm place with waxed paper under the tray. Let rise for 2 or 3 hours.
- Repeat directions with the remaining 3 rounds which will give you a total of 5 strips.
- After 2 or 3 hours when the first strips have risen, brush tops with egg/milk combination (a standard egg wash recipe should do). Cleanly separate cut pieces and bake at 350 degrees on a greased baking sheet for about 20-25 minutes.
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